endemic fishes of Lake Baikal

by V. G. Sideleva

Publisher: Backhuys in Leiden

Written in English
Published: Pages: 270 Downloads: 223
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Subjects:

  • Scorpaeniformes -- Russia (Federation) -- Baikal, Lake.,
  • Fishes -- Russia (Federation) -- Baikal, Lake.,
  • Lake ecology -- Russia (Federation) -- Baikal, Lake.

Edition Notes

Includes bibliographical references (p. 251-265) and index.

StatementValentina G. Sideleva.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsQL637.9.S35 S53 2003
The Physical Object
Paginationxv, 270 p. :
Number of Pages270
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL20408537M
ISBN 109057821338

They are one of the key components in making Lake Baikal what it is, the world's only freshwater sea. REFERENCES Kontula, T., S. V. Kirilchik & R. Väinölä. Endemic diversification of the monophyletic cottoid fish species flock in Lake Baikal explored with mtDNA sequencing. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 27 (1): – You may confuse it with the sea, but Baikal is just a lake - the biggest and the deepest in the is famous for its crystal clear fresh waters and a unique animal world. Often referred to as the “Pearl of Siberia”, it contains 20% of fresh water from the whole Earth's surface, which is more than all North American Great Lakes together. LAKE BAIKAL Known as the "Pearl of Siberia," Lake Baikal is the oldest and deepest lake on earth. Home to more than one thousand endemic species of aquatic life, it is a focal point for environmental activism and Siberian national pride. Source for information on Lake Baikal: Encyclopedia of Russian History dictionary. Baikal – the biggest and the deepest freshwater lake in world, located in the southern part of eastern Siberia, just above Mongolia. Age: around 30 Mln. years old Maximum depth: meters or feet (the deepest lake on the earth) Area: sq. km or sq. m Lengths: km by 70 km Islands: 26, the largest one is Olkhon island Rivers flowing into the lake:

  The comephorus, or golomyanka in Russian, is the most numerous fish in Lake Baikal, with an overall genus weight of about , tons (67 percent of the biomass of all the lake's fish). It is.   Lake Baikal holds 20% of all freshwater on the planet. If every person in the world would spend liters of water per day, then the available capacity of Lake Baikal would last for all of humanity for 40 years. Lake Baikal .

endemic fishes of Lake Baikal by V. G. Sideleva Download PDF EPUB FB2

Lake Baikal is unique among the Great Lakes of the world in that there is fish life from its surface to a depth of over metres, its greatest depth, nearly all of which are endemic. Lake Baikal's great habitable depth range, combined with its great age, make it a unique natural laboratory for the study of adaptation to deepwater conditions.

Karyotypes of Lake Baikal cottoids Otolith structure in ecologically different species of Baikal Cottoidei Adaptation of Baikal cottoid fishes to life in the mid-water of Baikal Resources of cottoid fishes and their role in the trophic system of the lake Systematic of cottoid fishes Phylogeny of Baikal Cottoidei Additional Physical Format: Online version: Sideleva, V.G.

(Valentina Grigorʹevna). Endemic fishes of Lake Baikal. Leiden: Backhuys, (OCoLC) Rare Animals of Lake Baikal. The unique nature of Baikal creates favorable conditions for a lot of animals that do not live in other places of the planet. The majority of the endemic animals of the Lake today are protected, but alas – the Red Book of Baikal every year becomes even thicker.

Fish of Baikal 52 species of fishes live in Baikal, 27 of them are endemic (they have not been found anywhere else). Main commercial species of fish are: Omul, Balck grayling, Whitefish.

Species included in the RED data books (rare and endangered species) are: Sturgeon, Taimen, Lenok, White Grayling. Ancient and deep Lake Baikal is every angler’s and naturalist’s dream. Large depths ( m– m) make up about 80 % of the lake area.

The waters are highly oxygenated and are rich in fish throughout. Scientists from all over the world seek to learn more about cottoid fish, which are endemic to Lake Baikal — that means that they do not occur anywhere else.

Comephorus, known as the golomyankas or Baikal oilfish, are a genus comprising two endemic fishes of Lake Baikal book of peculiar, sculpin fishes endemic to Lake Baikal in Russia.

Comephorus is the only genus in the family ankas are pelagic fishes Class: Actinopterygii. Lake Baikal K.

Minoura(editor) Elsevier ScienceB.V. Myological peculiarities of the comephoridae- an endemic fish taxon in Lake Baikal (Pisces: Teleostei) Yabe, M. ~* and Sideleva, V. G.2 endemic fishes of Lake Baikal book Laboratory of Marine Zoology, Facultyof Fisheries, Hokkaido University, Hakodate, Hokkaido,Japan E-mail: [email protected] 2Laboratory of Ichthyology, Cited by: 2.

Buy The Endemic Fishes of Lake Baikal by V. G Sideleva (ISBN: ) from Amazon's Book Store. Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible : V. G Sideleva. Representatives of the Baikal complex prevail in the lake – 56% of the total number of species and 80% of the fish biomass.

The complex consists of 29 species of cottoid fish among which 27 species are endemic. These fish inhabit the coastal water line up to maximal depths.

Littoral cottoid fish are observed with representatives of other groups. Lake Baikal is home to more than 1, species of aquatic plants.

Most of this vegetation consists of algae including: Blue-green algae; Chrysophyta. Lake Baikal, Russian Ozero Baykal, also spelled Ozero Bajkal, lake located in the southern part of eastern Siberia within the republic of Buryatia and Irkutsk oblast (province) of is the oldest existing freshwater lake on Earth (20 million–25 million years old), as well as the deepest continental body of water, having a maximum depth of 5, feet (1, metres).

Lake Baikal is the oldest and deepest ancient lake in the world. Located in eastern Siberia, it is connected with the Enisei River basin via the Angara River. In terms of total number of endemic species, it is the most diverse lake in the world and constitutes an own freshwater biogeographical subregion within the Holarctic.

In the ancient Lake Baikal in East Siberia, cottoid fishes have diversified into an endemic flock of 33 species. From an ancestral shallow-water, benthic life-style, Baikalian cottoids have.

The Baikal oilfish is an unusual, pale-pink, almost transparent fish that is unique in all respects: it has no scales (hence the name) and, unlike other Baikal fishes, it does not spawn, does not lay eggs, but is a live-bearing fish, like sharks, which is also a big rarity for a cold climate.

The oilfish is an ancient endemic of Baikal and inhabits only this Lake. There are 56 species of fish inhabiting Lake Baikal. The majority of them are bullheads - the shirokolobka ('wide forehead', as they are called locally).

These developed in Baikal from an ancient form akin to the Anadyr and Michigan bullheads; they are represented in Baikal by 32 species, 29 of which are endemic. The study of several Lake Baikal leech collections offered us the possibility to determine species diversity in the Chivyrkuy Gulf, the biggest one in the lake.

As a result, the first information on the Chivyrkuy Hirudinea fauna (Annelida, Clitellata) has been revealed. There are two orders and four families of leeches in the Chivyrkuy Gulf: order Rhynchobdellida (families Glossiphoniidae and Cited by: 5.

Based on its unique nature, Lake Baikal was recently designated a World Heritage site and is regarded as a hotspot for evolution, speciation, and biodiversity.

With its tremendously peculiar biota, Lake Baikal is now awaiting modern analytical approaches to the profound problems of speciation and evolution.

Fauna of Lake Baikal Baikal has 53 species of fish which belong to 13 families. The Baikal ichthyofauna has formed as a result of freshwater fish getting into the lake at different times.

All the fish according to its origin and habitat conditions can be subdivided into several groups: 1. From the evolution point of view, the Baikal sturgeon is the most ancient and the largest fish of Lake Baikal. The first information on the Baikal sturgeon can be found in the reports of the archpriest Avvakum and Nikolay Spafary, who visited the wonderful lake at the beginning of the XVII century.

I.G. Gmelin () also mentioned a considerable amount of the sturgeon. That is why Lake Baikal is also called the ‘Galapagos of Russia’. In UNESCO recognized it as a world heritage site.

From the Baikal is on the list of the Seven Wonders of Russia. Lake Baikal has become a popular tourist destination in recent years due to its wonderful beauty, rare species, and innumerable protected sites.

Mostly, all Baikal molluscs belong to the basic families of Baikal; they are found in their fossil forms in the lake's deposits that score million years old. Of specific interest is the endemic family of the baikaliids of various shapes and of shell sizes, decorated capriciously with ribs, keel, knobs and finest spiral nets.

Lake Baikal has over species of plants and species and varieties of animals. Over 60% of animals are endemic; that means of 52 species of fish 27 are endemic. The omul fish (Coregonus autumnalis migratorius) is local to Lake Baikal.

It is fished, smoked, and sold on all markets around the nates: 53°30′N °0′E /. Lake Baikal features 27 islands, including one 45 miles in length called Olkhon, while in and around Baikal live more than 1, animal species, about 80 percent of which live nowhere else on the.

About this book. Lake Baikal is the deepest lake on earth. The aim of this first of two scheduled volumes devoted to the diatom flora of the ancient Lake Baikal is to present a provisional inventory of benthic pennate diatom taxa in this Siberian lake.

Lake Baikal, the world’s oldest and deepest freshwater lake, curves for nearly miles through south-eastern Siberia, north of the Mongolian border. It lies in a cleft where Asia is literally splitting apart, the beginnings of a future ocean. Geologists say Baikal today shows what the seaboards of North America, Africa and Europe looked.

Download page research paper on "Lake Baikal and the Endemic Species Created by Unique Conditions" () ☘ in Siberia hosts an incredible array of endemic plants and animals.

Created more than 25 million years ago, Lake Baikal remains geologically active today. Throughout. The unusual endemic fauna include the world's only freshwater pinniped (the Baikal seal Phoca sibirica), species of amphipods – several of which exhibit gigantism (e.g.

Acanthogammarus maximus) – and 33 species of sculpin fishes, including the deep‐dwelling translucent golomyanka (Comephorus baicalensis and Comephorus dybowskii) that. An endemic species is any organism that is indigenous to a restricted or defined geographical area.

Arkansas has a diverse variety of endemic biota, including fungi, plants, and animals. Bythere were about endemic species in the state, most found in the Interior Highlands (Ouachita and Ozark Mountains). A combination of biological, climatic, and/or physical factors. A life in which I'd be President, father Kim Basinger's kids, and go to Lake Baikal." I bailed on p.

41 when the author referred to the tiny shrimp Epischura baicalensis, unique to Lake Baikal, as "these little guys." It was an early bad sign that, in the map at the beginning of the book, the Baltic Sea was labelled/5. Animals and fishes of Lake Baikal.

Lake Baikal is a surprising and unique natural laboratory where one can study the life in abyssal fresh waters. New varieties and species of organisms are continuously developing in the lake. Throughout its history both Baikal itself and the organisms inhabiting its world have undergone a complicated evolution.Background Lake Baikal, in southern Siberia in Russia, is a rift lake formed 25−30 million years ago and is the world’s deepest lake, holding 20% of the world’s fresh water.

Its catchment area contains substantial biodiversity with more than half of its species being endemic (Garmaeva, ).

An endemic, freshwater seal (Phoca sibirica) lives in the lake. Estimated at about 25 million years old and containing 20 percent of the world’s freshwater, Lake Baikal is nestled in a rather remote area of Russian wilderness (Skylarov et al., ).

This vast lake holds the title for the largest, deepest, and oldest freshwater lake on our planet. Unfortunately, the vastness of Lake Baikal might be the very thing that leads to its .